The relationship between horizontal and vertical which we see expressed in a rather univocal and static way in the naturalistic tree (4), multiplies (5) and takes on ever changing combinations (6).

  click to enlarge 7: The multiplicity of variable signs find a more balanced and lasting situation in a square which is namely an equivalence of horizontal and vertical.  

ingrandisci

 

1

1905-06

2

1909

3

1911

4

1912

5

1913

6

1913

 

7

1915

 

 

8

1920

9

1930

10

1930

11

1933

12

begun in 1937 and completed in 1942

13

1942

On observing these images in sequential order we can see the boundless horizontal space of the natural landscape (1 and 2) opposed to the measured vertical development of the human constructions, i.e. human additions to nature (3), merging into a synthesis metaphorically expressed by the shape of a tree (4) and then concentrating in abstract terms, that is to say, in a clearer form, within a rectangle (6).

 

The linear strokes intersect, combine with one another, and separate once again in a constant alternation of the predominance of one direction or the other. Everything is different but can always be traced back to the relationship between horizontal and vertical constantly changing in appearance.

 

The juxtaposition that produces open and unstable situations elsewhere is transformed into interpenetration that generates harmony and permanence in that square.

 

The square form generated in 1915 (7) was to inform nearly all the works produced by Mondrian after 1920 (9, 10, 11,12).
The square form is a constant feature but in a state of continuous evolution
. Click now on 12.
Mondrian endeavors in his compositions to present space poised in unstable equilibrium between a constant parameter and a variable set of measurements and colors. A square form keeps space constant while differences in proportion and color change it.
Every Neoplastic composition expresses this dialectic between the changing aspects of life and the human need to stabilize them and find something of greater constancy and duration. We are constantly stimulated by the unforeseeable flow of existence in everyday life and open up to innovation on the one hand while seeking to maintain the integrity of our established equilibriums on the other.

 
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